There are a number of data sources that can be quoted
Engineering UK has a fantastic Interactive Dashboard which allows you to interrogate their data. The dashboard is an interactive companion piece to their EngineeringUK briefing 'Gender disparity in engineering'.
The following are the statistics interpreted by WES from the Engineering UK 2018 report:
- 12.37% of all engineers are women in the UK. (22)
- 21.80% women work in the engineering sector (incl. engineers) (22)
- 46.4% of girls 11-14 would consider a career in engineering, compared to 70.3% of boys (22)
- 42.0% of girls 14-16 would consider a career in engineering compared to 66.0% of boys (22)
- 25.4% of girls 16-18 would consider a career in engineering compared to 51.9% of boys (22)
- 22.2% of students starting A Level Physics in 2018 were female. (22)
- In all STEM A-Levels except Chemistry more girls get A*-C grades than boys – including Further Maths, Maths, ICT and Design and Technology. (22)
- Girls and women make up less than 18% of higher apprentices in engineering and manufacturing, and 7.4% of all engineering apprentices. (22)
- 79.8% of female engineering students get a First or Upper Second, compared to 74.6% of male students. (22)
- 60.7% of female engineering graduates enter full time work, compared to 58.8% of all female graduates and 61.9% of male engineering graduates (57.7% of all male graduates). (22)
- Female engineering graduates are more likely to enter full-time work (61% vs 59%) and less likely to enter part time work (8% vs 12%) than all female graduates. Female engineering graduates are also less likely to enter part time work than all male graduates (11%). (22)
A further recent update from the Engineering Council (The Engineering Brand Monitor 2019) is an attitudinal survey of more than 2,500 young people, 1,000 STEM secondary school teachers and 1800 members of the public. The compelling evidence showed STEM outreach can and does work: young people attending a STEM careers activity in the previous 12 months were over 3 times as likely to consider a career in engineering than those who had not. (23)
- Engineering is highly regarded by STEM secondary school teachers and parents
- More young people would consider a career in engineering
- Boys have more positive views of engineering than girls even in primary school
- Salary ranks as an important factor in young people’s career choices, over and above 'enjoyment', 'job security' and 'something that challenges me'
- Young people who attend STEM outreach events are more likely to know what engineers do – but only a quarter of those surveyed had been to such an event
For the full report and accompanying data tables visit the Engineering Brand Monitor 2019 report.
The following is information in a previous WES Statistics document which is a compilation of both data and statistics from multiple sources (revised in January 2018).
- 2017 surveys indicated 11% of the engineering workforce was female.(1) a positive change from the 9% in 2015.(2) On the other hand the number of women registered engineers and technicians (i.e. CEng, IEng, EngTech dropped from 6% to 5% of total.(3, 4)
- The UK has the lowest percentage of female engineering professionals in Europe, at less than 10%, while Latvia, Bulgaria and Cyprus lead with nearly 30%.(5)
- 15.1% of engineering undergraduates in the UK in 2017 are women.(2) Compared with India: where over 30% of engineering students are women.(6)
- The proportion of young women studying engineering and physics has remained virtually static since 2012.(7)
- The number of women in computing degree programmes appears to be falling: 14% in 2010 and 13% in 2014.(8)
- In 2015/16 women accounted for only 6.8% of Engineering apprenticeship starts and 1.9% of Construction Skills starts.(9)
- Only around 20% of A Level physics students are girls and this has not changed in 25 years.(10)
- There is now very little gender difference in take up of and achievement in core STEM GCSE subjects.(11)
- 61% of engineering employers say a recruitment of engineering and technical staff with right skills is a barrier to business.(12) 32% of companies across sectors have reported difficulties recruiting experienced STEM staff, and 20% find it difficult to recruit entrants to STEM.(13)
- The UK needs to significantly increase the number of people with engineering skills. In 2014, one report put the annual shortfall of STEM skills at 40,000.(14) In 2017, the annual shortfall of the right engineering skills is anywhere between 25,500 (level 3) and upto 60000 (over level 4 skills).(1) We need to double, at least, the number of UK based university engineering students.(12)
- Women and men engineering and technology students express similar levels of intent to work in engineering & technology, but 66.2% of the men and 47.4% of the women 2011 graduates of eng/tech programmes went on to work in engineering and technology.(15)
- Women Fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering: 2% in 2006 and 4% in 2014.(16)
- BUT In a survey of 300 female engineers, 84% were either happy or extremely happy with their career choice.(17)
- AND Engineering students are second only to medics in securing full-time jobs and earning good salaries.(17)
- Engineering is important to the UK: it contributes 26% of our GDP(2) or £127,580,000,000 to our economy.
- Enabling women to meet their full potential in work could add as much as $28 trillion to annual GDP in 2025.(18)
- In 2010 nearly 100,000 female STEM graduates were unemployed or economically inactive.(19)
- Diversity matters: companies are 15% more likely to perform better if they are gender diverse.(20)
- Diversity is crucial for innovation: in a global survey, 85% corporate diversity and talent leaders agreed that “A diverse and inclusive workforce is crucial to encouraging different perspectives and ideas that drive innovation”.(21)
- The National Centre for Universities and Business offer an excellent infographic poster, Talent2030 Dashboard, which shows progress to their targets for women in engineering. In 2017, one of their targets was met: 50% of Physics GCSE students were girls.
A STEM Returners report on 'The Hidden Workforce' sampled 350 returning engineers and found that 63% of engineers returning to the sector believe the biggest barrier to restarting a career is bias in the recruitment process. Access The Hidden Workforce report here.
- Women in STEM workforce, WISE Campaign, 2017 https://www.wisecampaign.org.uk/resources/2017/10/women-in-stem-workforce-2017
- Skills and Demand in Industry 2015, IET, https://www.theiet.org/factfiles/education/skills2015-page.cfm?
- Engineering UK 2017: The State of Engineering, http://www.engineeringuk.com/media/1355/enguk-report-2017.pdf
- Engineering UK 2015: The State of Engineering, http://www.engineeringuk.com/EngineeringUK2015/EngUK_Report_2015_Interactive.pdf
- Quote from Vince Cable says UK economy hampered by lack of female engineers, The Guardian, 4 Nov 2013, http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2013/nov/04/vince-cable-uk-economy-female-engineers, accessed Feb 2013
- Engineering Is a man’s field: Changing a stereotype with a lesson from India, Scientific American, 2013 http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/engineering-is-a-mane28099s-field-changing-a-stereotype-with-a-lesson-from-india/ )
- Talent 2030 Dashboard, National Centre for Universities and Business, 2015 http://www.ncub.co.uk/reports/talent-2030-dashboard-2015.html
- Fewer British women studying computer science than in 2010, ComputerWorld, July 2915 https://www.computerworlduk.com/careers/uk-demand-for-it-workers-continues-grow-rapidly-3619000/
- FE Data Library, Updated Dec 2016 https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/fe-data-library-apprenticeships
- Key headline from the Institute of Physics – ‘It’s Different for Girls’ research, 2014 http://www.iop.org/education/teacher/support/girls_physics/page_41593.html
- Joint Council for Qualifications, which represents the seven largest awarding bodies in the UK, from their online sites http://www.jcq.org.uk/examination-results/gcses/2017
- Skills and Demand in Industry 2017 Survey, IET https://www.theiet.org/factfiles/education/skills2017-page.cfm?
- Inspiring Growth, CBI/Pearson 2015 Education and Skills Survey, http://news.cbi.org.uk/reports/education-and-skills-survey-2015/education-and-skills-survey-2015/
- Improving diversity in STEM, CaSE, 2014 http://sciencecampaign.org.uk/?p=14146
- Diversity in Engineering, Women’s Engineering Society, September 2014 http://www.wes.org.uk/diversityinengineering
- Why engineering should be a woman's game, Dame Prof Ann Dowling, BBC News, 3 February 2015 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-30876899
- Britain has got talented female engineers, RAEng and Atkins 2013 http://www.raeng.org.uk/publications/other/britains-got-talented-female-engineers
- McKinsey Global Institute The power of parity, McKinsey & Co, Sept 2015 http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/growth/how_advancing_womens_equality_can_add_12_trillion_to_global_growth
- Women and men in science, engineering and technology: the UK statistics guide 2010, UKRC https://www.wisecampaign.org.uk/uploads/wise/files/archive/final_sept_15th_15.42_ukrc_statistics_guide_2010.pdf
- Why Diversity Matters article, McKinsey & Co, January 2015 http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/organization/why_diversity_matters
- Global Diversity and Inclusion - Fostering innovation through a diverse workforce, Forbes Insights, 2011 http://images.forbes.com/forbesinsights/StudyPDFs/Innovation_Through_Diversity.pdf
- Engineering UK report 2018
- Engineering UK's Engineering Brand Monitor 2019
- STEM Returners The Hidden Workforce Report 2020
Other Useful Reports
The following are other WES pages and external reports that make good reading.
- WES page on number of Women in Science from Highly Cited reports
- Download the IET's Women in STEM Statistics 2015 from this link
- Four Pillars of Eonomic Justice for Women report from Rosa - the UK fund for women and girls
- Forward Ladies Annual National Survey Report 2018
If you know of other reports or statistics not referenced by the WES Statistics document or listed above, or you have any query, email email@example.com, setting subject to WES Statistics.